Engines of trade: the ten biggest rail companies by revenue
Germany’s Deutsche Bahnan Russia’s Rossiiskie Zheleznye Dorogi OAO head the list of the world’s biggest railway companies, presiding over a staggering distance of track and enabling much of Eurasia, if not the world’s, overland trade. Railway-technology.com lists the world’s biggest railway companies based on 2015 revenues.
Deutsche Bahn AG (DB AG) - $43.28bn
Headquartered in Berlin, Germany, Deutche Bahn AG (DB AG) is a state-owned mobility and logistics services provider. It offers both passenger rail and freight transportation services, and operates track infrastructure in Germany and globally through its subsidiaries. DB AG also provides bus and other intermodal transport services via sea and air.
The company's core business is its railway in Germany, where it serves 5.5million passengers each day and transports around 596,000t of freight. It operates over 33,300km of modern rail network in the country, where 40,000 trains run per day. The company also serves 1.8million passengers a day in Germany through buses.
DB AG operates its businesses through four divisions: Passenger Transport, Transport and Logistics, Infrastructure, and Services.
The Passenger Transport unit serves 12million passengers each day through trains and buses across Europe.
The Transport and Logistics division renders freight transport, forwarding and ancillary services. It transports around 300Mt rail freight and 102million shipments through roads in Europe each day. Globally the division transports 1.1Mt of air freight and 1.9million twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) of ocean freight.
The Infrastructure division oversees passenger stations, network, energy supply, marshalling yards and sidings, service and facility management, fleet management, IT management, security and vehicle maintenance areas. It also provides power supply services for train operators in Germany, and the division's subsidiary DB ProjektBau GmbH provides planning and project management for the company's affiliates including DB Netze Track, DB Netze Stations and DB Netze Energy.
Deutche Bahn's major subsidiaries include Chiltern Railway Company, DB Regio Aktiengesellschaft, DB RegioNetz Verkehrs, DB ZugBus Regionalverkehr Alb-Bodensee, Autokraft, Busverkehr Rhein-Neckar, Omnibusverkehr Franken, Omnibusverkehr Rhein-Nahe, S-Bahn Hamburg, Schenker Akeri, Schenker Cargo Oy, Arriva, and DB Energie.
Deutsche Bahn generated sales of $43.287bn in 2015 compared to $43.367bn in 2014.
Deutsche Bahn's key competitors include DACHSER GmbH & Co. KG, WINtec process GmbH, British Airways, Geodis SA, National Express Group, Panalpina World Transport Holding, and Ryder System.
Deutche Bahn in March 2016changed its rail freight business name from DB Schenker Rail to DB Cargo as part of a plan to separate its logistics and rail businesses globally. The two businesses will however continue to provide integrated services in Europe.
In February 2016 Deutche Bahn and its consortium partners, John Holland, Pacific Partnerships, Mitsubishi, Aberdeen Infrastructure Investments, CPB Contractors, CAF and the Bank of Tokyo - Mitsubishi UFJ, won a contract to design, build, maintain and operate the Capital Metro Light Rail Project in Canberra, Australia, for a term of 20 years.
In January 2016 DB Schenker, the rail freight division of Deutche Bahn, sold 15 six-axle Class 151 freight locomotives, constructed in the mid-1970s, to Hector Rail.
Deutsche Bahn and Bombardier Transportation reached an out-of-court settlement on several vehicle projects in March 2015. The former alleged they had been supplied with defective Berlin S-Bahn vehicles, regional and commuter trains in Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia and Baden-Württemberg, and TALENT 2 trains.